Ultrasensitive molecular imaging of intestinal mucosal inflammation using leukocyte-mimicking particles targeted to MAdCAM-1 in mice.

Le 27 Oct 2021

Auteur : Fournier AP, Martinez de Lizarrondo S, Rateau A, Gerard-Brisou A, Waldner MJ, Neurath MF, Vivien D, Docagne F, Gauberti M

Année : 2020

Journal : Sci Transl Med 1946-6242

PubMed Id : 32908005

Mucosal tissues play critical roles in health and disease as the primary barrier between the external world and the inner body, lining the digestive, respiratory, urinary, mammary, and reproductive tracts. Clinical evaluation of mucosal tissues is currently performed using endoscopy, such as ileocolonoscopy for the intestinal mucosa, which causes substantial patient discomfort and can lead to organ damage. Here, we developed a contrast agent for molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that is targeted to mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1), an adhesion molecule overexpressed by inflamed mucosal tissues. We investigated the diagnostic performance of molecular MRI of MAdCAM-1 to detect mucosal inflammation in several models of acute and chronic intestinal inflammation in mice. We demonstrated that molecular MRI of MAdCAM-1 reveals disease activity and can evaluate the response to inflammatory treatments along the whole intestinal mucosa in clinically relevant models of inflammatory bowel diseases. We also provide evidence that this technique can detect low, subclinical mucosal inflammation. Molecular MRI of MAdCAM-1 has potential applications in early diagnosis, longitudinal follow-up, and therapeutic response monitoring in diseases affecting mucosal tissues, such as inflammatory bowel diseases.