Tissue-type plasminogen activator exerts EGF-like chemokinetic effects on oligodendrocytes in white matter (re)myelination.

Le 02 Nov 2021

Auteur : Leonetti C, Macrez R, Pruvost M, Hommet Y, Bronsard J, Fournier A, Perrigault M, Machin I, Vivien D, Clemente D, De Castro F, Maubert E, Docagne F

Année : 2017

Journal : Mol Neurodegener 1750-1326

PubMed Id : 28231842

The ability of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) to give raise to myelin forming cells during developmental myelination, normal adult physiology and post-lesion remyelination in white matter depends on factors which govern their proliferation, migration and differentiation. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), where it regulates cell fate. In particular, tPA has been reported to protect oligodendrocytes from apoptosis and to facilitate the migration of neurons. Here, we investigated whether tPA can also participate in the migration of OPCs during CNS development and during remyelination after focal white matter lesion.