Tissue-type plasminogen activator exerts EGF-like chemokinetic effects on oligodendrocytes in white matter (re)myelination.
Auteur : Leonetti C, Macrez R, Pruvost M, Hommet Y, Bronsard J, Fournier A, Perrigault M, Machin I, Vivien D, Clemente D, De Castro F, Maubert E, Docagne F
Année : 2017
Journal : Mol Neurodegener 1750-1326
PubMed Id : 28231842
The ability of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) to give raise to myelin forming cells during developmental myelination, normal adult physiology and post-lesion remyelination in white matter depends on factors which govern their proliferation, migration and differentiation. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), where it regulates cell fate. In particular, tPA has been reported to protect oligodendrocytes from apoptosis and to facilitate the migration of neurons. Here, we investigated whether tPA can also participate in the migration of OPCs during CNS development and during remyelination after focal white matter lesion.