Proliferation deficits and gene expression dysregulation in Down’s syndrome (Ts1Cje) neural progenitor cells cultured from neurospheres.

Le 02 Nov 2021

Auteur : Moldrich RX, Dauphinot L, Laffaire J, Vitalis T, Hérault Y, Beart PM, Rossier J, Vivien D, Gehrig C, Antonarakis SE, Lyle R, Potier MC

Année : 2009

Journal : J Neurosci Res 1097-4547

PubMed Id : 19472221

Down’s syndrome neurophenotypes are characterized by mental retardation and a decreased brain volume. To identify whether deficits in proliferation could be responsible for this phenotype, neural progenitor cells were isolated from the developing E14 neocortex of Down’s syndrome partial trisomy Ts1Cje mice and euploid (WT) littermates and grown as neurospheres. Ts1Cje neural progenitors proliferated at a slower rate, because of a longer cell cycle, and a greater number of cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein. An increase in cell death was also noted. Gene expression profiles of neural progenitor cells from Ts1Cje and WT showed that 54% of triploid genes had expression ratios (Ts1Cje/WT) significantly greater than the expected diploid gene ratio of 1.0. Some diploid genes associated with proliferation, differentiation, and glial function were dysregulated. Interestingly, proliferation and gene expression dysregulation detected in the Ts1Cje mice did not require overexpression of the chromosome 21 genes amyloid precursor protein (App) and soluble superoxide dismutase 1 (Sod1).