Persistent neuroinflammation and behavioural deficits after single mild traumatic brain injury.

Le 01 Sep 2022

Auteur : Drieu A, Lanquetin A, Prunotto P, Gulhan Z, Pédron S, Vegliante G, Tolomeo D, Serrière S, Vercouillie J, Galineau L, Tauber C, Kuhnast B, Rubio M, Zanier ER, Levard D, Chalon S, Vivien D, Ali C

Année : 2022

Journal : J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 1559-7016

PubMed Id : 35945692

Despite an apparently silent imaging, some patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience cognitive dysfunctions, which may persist chronically. Brain changes responsible for these dysfunctions are unclear and commonly overlooked. It is thus crucial to increase our understanding of the mechanisms linking the initial event to the functional deficits, and to provide objective evidence of brain tissue alterations underpinning these deficits. We first set up a murine model of closed-head controlled cortical impact, which provoked persistent cognitive and sensorimotor deficits, despite no evidence of brain contusion or bleeding on MRI, thus recapitulating features of mild TBI. Molecular MRI for P-selectin, a key adhesion molecule, detected no sign of cerebrovascular inflammation after mild TBI, as confirmed by immunostainings. By contrast, in vivo PET imaging with the TSPO ligand [18F]DPA-714 demonstrated persisting signs of neuroinflammation in the ipsilateral cortex and hippocampus after mild TBI. Interestingly, immunohistochemical analyses confirmed these spatio-temporal profiles, showing a robust parenchymal astrogliosis and microgliosis, at least up to 3 weeks post-injury in both the cortex and hippocampus. In conclusion, we show that even one single mild TBI induces long-term behavioural deficits, associated with a persistent neuro-inflammatory status that can be detected by PET imaging.