Neurotrophin-3-induced PI-3 kinase/Akt signaling rescues cortical neurons from apoptosis.
Auteur : Liot G, Gabriel C, Cacquevel M, Ali C, MacKenzie ET, Buisson A, Vivien D
Année : 2004
Journal : Exp Neurol 0014-4886
PubMed Id : 15081586
A number of cytokines including neurotrophins have been tested for their neuroprotective activity against different paradigms of neuronal death. However, as for neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), their mechanisms of action have not been fully identified. By using cultures of mouse cortical neurons, we have investigated the molecular mechanisms by which neurotrophin-3 could protect cortical neurons against apoptosis. In a model of caspase-dependent apoptosis leading to the recruitment of active initiators caspase-8 and -9 and of executioner caspase-3, we have evidenced that NT-3 displayed an anti-apoptotic effect in a dose-dependent manner. First, we showed that, in cultured cortical neurons, NT-3 could promote extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK/MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3′ (PI-3) kinase/Akt phosphorylation. Second, we showed that although the blockade of the Akt pathway prevented the anti-apoptotic effect of NT-3, blockade of the ERK pathway did not. Altogether, our data demonstrate that NT-3 displayed an anti-apoptotic effect on cultured cortical neurons through a mechanism involving the recruitment of the PI-3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway.