Inhibition of store-operated channels by carboxyamidotriazole sensitizes ovarian carcinoma cells to anti-BclxL strategies through Mcl-1 down-regulation.
Année : 2018
Journal : Oncotarget 1949-2553
PubMed Id : 30338034
The anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 have been identified to play a pivotal role in apoptosis resistance in ovarian cancer and constitute key targets for innovative therapeutic strategies. Although BH3-mimetics (i.e. ABT-737) potently inhibit Bcl-xL activity, targeting Mcl-1 remains a hurdle to the success of these strategies. Calcium signaling is profoundly remodeled during carcinogenesis and was reported to activate the signaling pathway controlling Mcl-1 expression. In this context, we investigated the effect of carboxyamidotriazole (CAI), a calcium channel inhibitor used in clinical trials, on Mcl-1 expression. CAI had an anti-proliferative effect on ovarian carcinoma cell lines and strongly down-regulated Mcl-1 expression. It inhibited store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) and Mcl-1 translation through mTORC1 deactivation. Moreover, it sensitized ovarian carcinoma cells to anti-Bcl-xL strategies as their combination elicited massive apoptosis. Its effect on mTORC1 and Mcl-1 was mimicked by the potent SOCE inhibitor, YM58483, which also triggered apoptosis when combined with ABT-737. As a whole, this study suggests that CAI sensitizes to anti-Bcl-xL strategies via its action on Mcl-1 translation and that modulation of SOCE could extend the therapeutic arsenal for treatment of ovarian carcinoma.