Evaluation of the early-phase [18F]AV45 PET as an optimal surrogate of [18F]FDG PET in ageing and Alzheimer’s clinical syndrome.

Le 02 Nov 2021

Auteur : Vanhoutte M, Landeau B, Sherif S, de la Sayette V, Dautricourt S, Abbas A, Manrique A, Chocat A, Chételat G

Année : 2021

Journal : Neuroimage Clin 2213-1582

PubMed Id : 34247116

Dual-phase [18F]AV45 positron emission tomography (PET) is highly promising in the assessment of neurodegenerative diseases, allowing to obtain information on both neurodegeneration (early-phase; eAV45) and amyloid deposition (late-phase; lAV45) which are highly complementary; yet eAV45 needs further evaluation. This study aims at validating eAV45 as an optimal proxy of [18F]FDG PET in a large mixed-population of healthy ageing and Alzheimer’s clinical syndrome participants (n = 191) who had [18F]FDG PET, eAV45 and lAV45 scans. We found early time frame 0-4 min to give maximal correlation with [18F]FDG PET and minimal correlation with lAV45. Moreover, maximal overlap of [18F]FDG PET versus eAV45 associations with clinical diagnosis and cognition was obtained with pons scaling. Across reference regions, classification performance between clinical subgroups was similar for both eAV45 and [18F]FDG PET. These findings highlight the optimal use of eAV45 to assess neurodegeneration as a validated proxy of [18F]FDG PET. On top of this purpose, this study showed that combined [18F]AV45 PET dual-biomarker even outperformed [18F]FDG PET or lAV45 alone.