ADAMTS-4 in oligodendrocytes contributes to myelination with an impact on motor function.
Auteur : Pruvost M, Lépine M, Leonetti C, Etard O, Naveau M, Agin V, Docagne F, Maubert E, Ali C, Emery E, Vivien D
Année : 2017
Journal : Glia 1098-1136
PubMed Id : 28850711
Myelination is a late developmental process regulated by a set of inhibitory and stimulatory factors, including extracellular matrix components. Accordingly, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) act as negative regulators of myelination processes. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs type 4 (ADAMTS-4) is an extracellular protease capable of degrading CSPGs. Although exogenous ADAMTS-4 has been proven to be beneficial in several models of central nervous system (CNS) injuries, the physiological functions of endogenous ADAMTS-4 remain poorly understood. We first used Adamts4/LacZ reporter mice to reveal that ADAMTS-4 is strongly expressed in the CNS, especially in the white matter, with a cellular profile restricted to mature oligodendrocytes. Interestingly, we evidenced an abnormal myelination in Adamts4-/- mice, characterized by a higher diameter of myelinated axons with a shifting g-ratio. Accordingly, lack of ADAMTS-4 is accompanied by motor deficits and disturbed nervous electrical activity. In conclusion, we demonstrate that ADAMTS-4 is a new marker of mature oligodendrocytes contributing to the myelination processes and thus to the control of motor capacities.