A soluble transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta ) type I receptor mimics TGF-beta responses.
Année : 2001
Journal : J Biol Chem 0021-9258
PubMed Id : 11544249
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling requires a ligand-dependent interaction of TGF-beta receptors Tau beta R-I and Tau beta R-II. It has been previously demonstrated that a soluble TGF-beta type II receptor could be used as a TGF-beta antagonist. Here we have generated and investigated the biochemical and signaling properties of a soluble TGF-beta type I receptor (Tau beta RIs-Fc). As reported for the wild-type receptor, the soluble Tau beta R-I does not bind TGF-beta 1 on its own. Surprisingly, in the absence of TGF-beta1, the Tau beta RIs-Fc mimicked TGF-beta 1-induced transcriptional and growth responses in mink lung epithelial cells (Mv1Lu). Signaling induced by the soluble TGF-beta type I receptor is mediated via the obligatory presence of both TGF-beta type I and type II receptors at the cell surface since no signal was observed in Mv1Lu-derivated mutants for TGF-beta receptors R-1B and DR-26. The comparison between the structures of TGF-betas and a three-dimensional model of the extracellular domain of Tau beta RI has shown that five residues of the supposed binding site of TGF-beta 1 (Lys(31), His(34), Glu(5), Tyr(91), and Lys(94)) were found with equivalent biochemical properties and similar spatial positions.